Artists: Candido Lima, António Manuel Estareiro & Suggia Quartet
Composer: Cândido Lima
Cândido Lima was born in Minho (near Viana do Castelo). He finished his secondary school studies and the general course on Piano and Composition in Braga.
He then worked in Braga as an organist for many years. In 1964 he entered a piano competition to gain access to the Conservatório Nacional de Lisboa.
In 1967 and 1970 he graduated in Piano and Composition from the Conservatories of Music of Lisbon and Porto.
After his Military service (1965-68) in Portugal and Guinea (Bolama Island) he studied philosophy in Braga University for 5 years (1968-73), he received, for many years, grants from the Gulbenkian Foundation.
As well as other university degrees, he also acquired a doctorate in Aesthetics from the University of Paris, in Portugal, with the thesis “Identidade e Alteridade em Composição Musical”.
He attended international courses on piano, analysis and composition in Portugal, Spain, Holland, Germany and France with Nadia Boulanger, Aloys and Alphonse Kontarsky, Gérard Frémy, Stockhausen, Kagel, Ligeti, Pousseur, Boulez, Xenakis and others.
He studied analysis and orchestra conducting with Gilbert Amy and Michel Tabachnik (1977-78).
He attended further training and courses on electronic music, computers and computerised music in the University of Paris VIII / Vincennes, Paris I-Il / Panthéon-Sorbonne (1975-78), in CEMAMu (1978-79) and IRCAM (1981-91). The Culture Ministry gave him grants to study with Xenakis from 1975-78. The Acanthes Centre and other international organisations also
contributed to his grants.
He composed works of instrumental and vocal music and piano. He also wrote various instrumental, vocal and orchestral pieces, electronic and electro-acoustic music with computers, for the theatre, audio-visual shows etc. Some of these were played in other countries.
He has been a collaborator in the ‘Enciclopédias das Edições Verbo’ since 1972.
He has taught courses and seminars, participated in conventions and spoken at conferences. He also writes for the press.
Since 1968 he has been part of the movement for reform in music teaching, especially in the area of music composition (as well as other works, he wrote “A Música e o Homem na Reforma do Ensino – da Antiguidade à Vanguarda” (1972), “ Perspectivas do Ensino da Composição em Portugal” (1981), “Os arquétipos na Composição Musical” (filosofia e ciências) (1983). He has also written many works on various themes.
From 1979 to 1992 he created for Television the series “Sons e Mitos” (7), “Fronteiras da Música” (16), “No Ventre da Música” (12), “Evocações” (22) (for Júlio Montenegro’s ABZ program); and for the Radio the series “De toda a música” that for a year and a half was part of Júlio Montenegro’s “Programa da Manhã” (1987 Press-Prize – RDP/Antena 1).
In these series he presents, in a systematic way, contemporary music along with the usual programming of concertos.
It was in these programs that Portugal heard, for the first time, excerpts of works by Varèse, Boulez, Stockhausen, Xenakis, Berio, Dusapin, Saariaho and others, as well as works by young composers.
He invited great musicians to participate in a series of shows in various northern cities (he was the artistic director for “Semanas de Música de Viana do Castelo” between 1987-89); great musicians, such as Xenakis (well remembered from the “Encontro com Xenakis” in the Trindade Cinema), Giuseppe Englert, Jean-Baptiste Barrière, Wilfried Jentzsch, Stefano Scodanibbio, and centres such as IRCAM (1992) having assisted in the presentation, in Lisbon, of the UPlC/CEMAMu (1981).
He was the first Portuguese composer to use a computer in musical composition and in the teaching of composition.
His works and his teachings integrate various disciplines of the arts and sciences with the standard musical techniques.
He was president of “Juventude Musical de Braga” (1968-74). In 1988 he was invited to become director of the Music department of “Equipa de Ensino Artístico do G.E.T.A.P.” and to become part of the “Conselho Consultivo” of the Music Department of Aveiro University.
He taught and was also a director in the Music Conservatories of Porto and Braga between 1968 and 1986, as well as teaching in other Conservatories and Music Schools throughout the country.
He competed for the post of Composition Master in the “Conservatório Nacional de Lisboa” in 1978. He also taught in the “Escola Superior de Música do Porto” since it got set up (1986). After a public examination, he got promoted to “Professor Coordenador”, the first case of this kind in the Portuguese superior schools of Music.
In 1973-75 he started the group “Grupo Música Nova” that pioneered the dissemination of contemporary music in Portugal and the promulgation of the works of our composers in festivals, radio and TV series, both in this country and abroad.
Some of his original musicians, who came into contact with contemporary music for the first time in his group, went on to play with other Portuguese groups, at home and abroad.
In latter years he wrote “Une esthétique de l’audiovisuel miroir de la composition musicale – esquisse d’un modèle interdisciplinaire “multimedia”, ou les musiques contemporaines, la télévision et les archétypes”, “Arquétipos em composição musical” and “Identidade e alteridade em composição musical / Influências e confluências – da história colectiva à história individual”.
It is on this subject that he conducted lectures, courses, master classes and various interviews with Iannis Xenakis, Gyorgy Ligeti and Pierre Boulez (1982-97) of whom he is doing a comparative analysis to be published in 2001 – 2002 in France.
Some of his theoretic and other works have been published by reviewers, professors and institutions, in magazines, books, musical scores, records and CD-Rom’s (Arte Portuguesa do Séc. XX published by the “Instituto de Arte Contemporânea do Ministério da Cultura”, Câmara Municipal de Matosinhos, etc).
The critics and the public acclaimed his music and his multidisciplinary activity.